Cet article n’est disponible qu’en anglais

ETC Group Crypto Market Compass
Week 5, 2024

  • Market sentiment has stabilized as outflows from Grayscale’s Bitcoin Trust (GBTC) have slowed down
  • Our in-house “Cryptoasset Sentiment Index” declined to levels that signal a short-term tactical bottom last week
  • We expect the influence of macro factors on Bitcoin & Cryptoassets to reassert itself over the coming weeks
Crypto Market Compass | Week 5, 2024 | ETC Group

Chart of the Week

Cryptoasset Sentiment Index Crypto_Sentiment_Index
Source: Bloomberg, Coinmarketcap, Glassnode, NilssonHedge, alternative.me, ETC Group

Performance

Last week, cryptoassets mostly recovered from the sell-off in the prior week. One of the main reasons for this recovery was that outflows from the biggest Bitcoin fund in the world – Grayscale Bitcoin Trust (GBTC) – have slowed down recently which has lifted market sentiment a bit.

Market sentiment was relatively bearish at the beginning of last week, with our in-house “Cryptoasset Sentiment Index” hitting the lowest level since March 2023 amid heightened fund outflows and increasing bitcoin exchange inflows.

The index has decreased to such low levels that at least a short-term tactical bottom appears to be quite likely.

Over the course of last week, we saw a significant reversal in sentiment from low levels amid reversals in spot bitcoin exchange inflows and bitcoin put-call volume ratios that had put pressure on the market.

Ethereum also came under pressure after a portion of the chain's major operators were rendered inoperable on Sunday due to a problem in Ethereum's Nethermind client software, which is used by blockchain validators to communicate with the network.

The incident has raised concerns about the centralization and high reliance on single dominant client softwares like Geth – a risk referred to as “supermajority client risk” – which has dampened market sentiment towards Ethereum last week.

Overall, although ETF fund flows in the US still appear to be relatively influential, the market clearly lacks some new catalysts in the short term. It is quite likely that the influence of macro factors such as global growth expectations or monetary policy could reassert itself over the coming months, at least until the Bitcoin Halving in April 2024.

In this context, the FOMC will convene to decide on US monetary policy on the 30 th and 31 st of January this week. The FOMC is expected to hold interest rates unchanged this week and only to cut rates later in March based on expectations priced into Fed Funds Futures.

However, interest rate cuts have recently been priced out which was also seen as a potential bearish macro catalyst for the latest sell-off in cryptoassets.

In this context, we are currently measuring a dominant influence of global growth expectations and general level of risk appetite on Bitcoin and only to a lesser extent an influence by other macro factors such as monetary policy or the US Dollar.

Our own measure of Cross Asset Risk Appetite (CARA) has also recovered last week which has likely supported the recovery in for Bitcoin and other cryptoassets as well.

Cross Asset Performance (Week-to-Date) Cross_Asset_Week_to_Date_Performance
Source: Bloomberg, Coinmarketcap; performances in USD exept Bund Future
Top 10 Cryptoasset Performance (Week-to-Date) Crypto_Top_10_Week_to_Date_Performance
Source: Coinmarketcap

In general, among the top 10 crypto assets, Avalanche, Solana, and TRON were the relative outperformers.

Altcoin outperformance vis-à-vis Bitcoin was relatively weak compared to the week prior, with only 5% of our tracked altcoins managing to outperform Bitcoin on a weekly basis.

Sentiment

Market sentiment was relatively bearish at the beginning of last week, with our in-house “Cryptoasset Sentiment Index” hitting the lowest level since March 2023.

The index has decreased to such low levels that at least a short-term tactical bottom appears to be quite likely.

At the moment, only 6 out of 15 indicators are above their short-term trend.

Compared to last week, we saw major reversals to the upside in BTC exchange inflows and BTC put-call volume ratios.

The Crypto Fear & Greed Index has swung back to "Greed" territory as of this morning.

Meanwhile, our own measure of Cross Asset Risk Appetite (CARA) has recently increased. Overall, this is signalling a return in risk appetite in traditional financial markets.

Performance dispersion among cryptoassets has recently remained elevated.

In general, high-performance dispersion among cryptoassets implies that correlations among cryptoassets have decreased, which means that cryptoassets are trading more on coin-specific factors and that diversification among cryptoassets is high.

At the same time, altcoin outperformance vis-à-vis Bitcoin has declined considerably amid an underperformance of Ethereum vis-à-vis Bitcoin. Only 5% of our tracked altcoins have outperformed Bitcoin on a weekly basis.

In general, low altcoin outperformance tends to be a sign of low risk appetite within cryptoasset markets.

Fund Flows

In aggregate, we saw weekly net fund outflows from all types of cryptoassets in the amount of -500.1 mn USD (week ending Friday) based on Bloomberg data.

Global Bitcoin ETPs saw significant outflows of -491.5 mn USD of which -417.0 mn were related to US spot Bitcoin ETFs. This was mostly related to continuing outflows from the Grayscale Bitcoin Trust (GBTC) which amounted to -2,234.3 mn USD last week alone. This was partially counteracted by net inflows other US spot Bitcoin ETFs that were able to attract 1,818.0 mn USD in net inflows.

On a positive note, the outflows from GBTC have slowed down over the past 5 trading days which has also improved market sentiment as well.

Note that some fund flows data for US major issuers are still lacking in the abovementioned numbers due to T+2 settlement.

Apart from Bitcoin, we saw comparatively small flows into other cryptoassets last week.

Ethereum ETPs also saw net outflows in the amount of -37.3 mn USD while other altcoin ETPs ex Ethereum managed to attract +1.1 mn USD.

Thematic & basket crypto ETPs also managed to attract net inflows of +27.6 mn USD, based on our calculations.

Besides, the beta of global crypto hedge funds to Bitcoin over the last 20 trading still remains low at below 0.8, implying that global crypto hedge funds still remain under-exposed to Bitcoin market risks. It appears as if crypto hedge funds are still waiting on the sidelines for new catalysts.

On-Chain Data

Last week, in- and outflows related to spot Bitcoin ETFs continued to exert a significant influence on Bitcoin on-chain data as well.

High outflows from the Grayscale Bitcoin Trust (GBTC) led to increased exchange inflows into crypto exchanges, in particular Coinbase.

More particularly, last Monday GBTC transfers to Coinbase accounted from approximately 76% of overall whale exchange deposits to Coinbase on that day. That percentage has declined gradually throughout the past week and was at around 30% last Friday.

We have analysed the effect of the GBTC selling on the price of Bitcoin in more detail here.

However, although GBTC percentage in whale exchange inflows has somewhat declined, whale exchange inflows still remain relatively high from a structural point of view. This could put a lid on any significant price advances in the short term. Besides, the average coin dormancy also remains relatively high which tends to be a bearish signal.

Dormancy, defined as the ratio of coin days destroyed to total transfer volume, is the average number of days destroyed per coin traded. The higher the coin days destroyed, the longer a coin has been dormant. It usually signals whether older coins are on the move.

On a positive note, Bitcoin miners have ceased to sell their BTC reserves – a process which had started around November 2023 already. Aggregate BTC miner balances have moved sideways over the past week. It is also positive to observe that the number of BTC whale has increased significantly over the past week. Whales are defined as unique entities holding at least 1k BTC. This increase implies that, on aggregate, whales might be accumulating coins again.

In fact, we are observing an increase in BTC holdings in wallets that hold between 1k BTC and 100k BTC.

Futures, Options & Perpetuals

BTC futures open interest declined somewhat last week while perpetual open interest was mostly unchanged. There were no significant futures long or short liquidations last week.

The 3-months annualized BTC futures basis has stabilized at around 9.7% p.a. and perpetual funding rates have been positive throughout the week.

There were more significant developments in the BTC option space, which saw a massive expiry last week on Friday that led to a decrease of around -86k BTC in option open interest. Put-call open interest ratio remains relatively low implying that most traders have relatively low put exposure.

That being said, last Thursday saw a significant spike in put buying as put-call volume ratios spiked to the highest level since October 2023. The BTC 25-delta 1-month option skew had also increased before that amid the sell-off but has recently declined from high levels.

There is generally a declining trend in implied volatilities since early January 2024 that continued last week as well. BTC option traders have generally been pricing out the uncertainty around the ETF approvals.

Bottom Line

  • Market sentiment has stabilized as outflows from Grayscale’s Bitcoin Trust (GBTC) have slowed down
  • Our in-house “Cryptoasset Sentiment Index” declined to levels that signal a short-term tactical bottom last week
  • We expect the influence of macro factors on Bitcoin & Cryptoassets to reassert itself over the coming weeks

Appendix

Bitcoin Price vs Cryptoasset Sentiment Index Bitcoin_Price_vs_Crypto_Sentiment_Index
Source: Bloomberg, Coinmarketcap, Glassnode, NilssonHedge, alternative.me, ETC Group
Cryptoasset Sentiment Index Crypto_Sentiment_Index_Bar_Chart
Source: Bloomberg, Coinmarketcap, Glassnode, NilssonHedge, alternative.me, ETC Group; *multiplied by (-1)
Cryptoasset Sentiment Index Crypto_Market_Compass_Subcomponents
Source: Bloomberg, Coinmarketcap, Glassnode, NilssonHedge, alternative.me, ETC Group
TradFi Sentiment Indicators Crypto_Market_Compass_TradFi_Indicators
Source: Bloomberg, NilssonHedge, ETC Group
Crypto Sentiment Indicators Crypto_Market_Compass_Sentiment_Indicators
Source: Coinmarketcap, alternative.me, ETC Group
Crypto Options' Sentiment Indicators Crypto_Market_Compass_Option_Indicators
Source: Glassnode, ETC Group
Crypto Futures & Perpetuals' Sentiment Indicators Crypto_Market_Compass_Futures_Indicators
Source: Glassnode, ETC Group; *Cumulative daily absolute change in BTC OI multiplied by sign of BTC price change
Crypto On-Chain Indicators Crypto_Market_Compass_OnChain_Indicators
Source: Glassnode, ETC Group
Bitcoin vs Crypto Fear & Greed Index Bitcoin_Price_vs_Crypto_Fear_Greed
Source: alternative.me, Coinmarketcap, ETC Group
Bitcoin vs Global Crypto ETP Fund Flows BTC_vs_All_Crypto_ETP_Funds_Fund_Flows_Daily_long_PCT
Source: Bloomberg, ETC Group; Only ETPs & Grayscale Trusts
Global Crypto ETP Fund Flows All_Crypto_ETP_Funds_Fund_Flows_Daily_short
Source: Bloomberg, ETC Group; Only ETPs & Grayscale Trusts
US Spot Bitcoin ETF Fund Flows US_Spot_Bitcoin_ETF_Funds_Fund_Flows_Daily_since_launch
Source: Bloomberg, ETC Group; data subject to change
US Spot Bitcoin ETFs: Flows since launch US_Spot_Bitcoin_ETF_Fund_Flows_since_launch
Source: Bloomberg, Fund flows since traiding launch on 11/01/24; data subject to change
US Spot Bitcoin ETFs: 5-days flow US_Spot_Bitcoin_ETF_Fund_Flows_5d
Source: Bloomber; data subject to change
US Bitcoin ETFs: Net Fund Flows since 11th Jan mn USD US_Spot_Bitcoin_ETF_Table
Source: Bloomberg, ETC Group; data as of 26-01-2024
Bitcoin vs Crypto Hedge Fund Beta Bitcoin_Price_vs_Hedge_Fund_Beta
Source: Coinmarketcap, Bloomberg, NilssonHedge, ETC Group
Altseason Index Altseason_Index_short
Source: Coinmarketcap, ETC Group
Bitcoin vs Crypto Dispersion Index Crypto_Dispersion_vs_Bitcoin_short
Source: Coinmarketcap, ETC Group; Dispersion = (1 - Average Altcoin Correlation with Bitcoin)
BTC Net Exchange Volume by Size Bitcoin_Net_Exchange_Volume_by_Size
Source: Glassnode, ETC Group

AVIS IMPORTANT :

Cet article ne constitue ni un conseil en investissement ni une offre ou une sollicitation d'achat de produits financiers. Cet article est uniquement à des fins d'information générale, et il n'y a aucune assurance ou garantie explicite ou implicite quant à l'équité, l'exactitude, l'exhaustivité ou la justesse de cet article ou des opinions qui y sont contenues. Il est recommandé de ne pas se fier à l'équité, l'exactitude, l'exhaustivité ou la justesse de cet article ou des opinions qui y sont contenues. Veuillez noter que cet article n'est ni un conseil en investissement ni une offre ou une sollicitation d'acquérir des produits financiers ou des cryptomonnaies.

AVANT D'INVESTIR DANS LES CRYPTO ETP, LES INVESTISSEURS POTENTIELS DEVRAIENT PRENDRE EN COMPTE CE QUI SUIT :

Les investisseurs potentiels devraient rechercher des conseils indépendants et prendre en compte les informations pertinentes contenues dans le prospectus de base et les conditions finales des ETP, en particulier les facteurs de risque mentionnés dans ceux-ci. Le capital investi est à risque, et des pertes jusqu'à concurrence du montant investi sont possibles. Le produit est soumis à un risque intrinsèque de contrepartie à l'égard de l'émetteur des ETP et peut subir des pertes jusqu'à une perte totale si l'émetteur ne respecte pas ses obligations contractuelles. La structure juridique des ETP est équivalente à celle d'une dette. Les ETP sont traités comme d'autres instruments financiers.

À propos de ETC Group

ETC Group développe des instruments financiers innovants adossés à des actifs numériques, notamment l'ETC Group Physical Bitcoin (BTCE) et l'ETC Group Physical Ethereum (ZETH), qui sont cotés sur des échanges européens, comme le XETRA, Euronext, SIX, AQUIS UK et Wiener Börse.

ETC Group a lancé le premier produit négocié en bourse (exchange traded product- ETP) Bitcoin à compensation centralisée au monde en juin 2020 sur la Deutsche Börse XETRA, la plus grande plateforme de cotation d'ETF d'Europe.

ETC Group travaille en permanence à l'élargissement de sa gamme d'ETPs garantis par des crypto-monnaies, de qualité institutionnelle, offrant aux investisseurs la possibilité de s'exposer au Bitcoin, à l'Ethereum, au Cardano, au Solana et à d'autres actifs numériques populaires sur les principales bourses européennes.

Contact

Renseignements généraux info@etc-group.com
Investisseurs institutionnels institutional@etc-group.com
Demande de renseignements à la presse media@etc-group.com

Plus d'articles