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Bitcoin Rebounds Post-Halving, Boosted by Improving Sentiment and Geopolitical Recovery

Crypto Market Compass – Week 17, 2024

Successfully navigate through Bitcoin & Cryptoasset Markets

  • Cryptoassets rebound from losses sparked by geopolitical tensions amid Bitcoin Halving
  • Our in-house “Cryptoasset Sentiment Indicator” has also rebounded from year-to-date lows
  • Bitcoin Halving: In the past, most of the positive performance accrued after the Halving event
Bitcoin Rebounds Post-Halving | Crypto Market Compass | ETC Group

Chart of the Week

Bitcoin: Most of the performance accrued after the Halving event Bitcoin_Halving_Performance_BarChart
Source: ETC Group, Glassnode


Last week, cryptoassets came under pressure on account of rising geopolitical risks in the Middle East that led to a general decline in risky assets across the board.

However, most major cryptoassets have already retraced most of these losses amid the highly anticipated Bitcoin Halving that has halved the block subsidy from 6.25 BTC per block to 3.125 BTC. The fourth Bitcoin Halving has occurred on the 20 th April at 02:09:27 UTC.

We think that the positive performance effect of the Halving is not priced in and expect this effect to unfold after around 100 days after this event, i.e. around July 2024 onwards. The reason is that the supply deficit induced by the Bitcoin Halving only tends to accumulate over time and is rather insignificant in the very short term.

In general, it is important to note that most of the Halving related performance tends to accrue after Halving event dates which implies that Halving events have not been “front-run” by investors in the past. Besides, the performance differences post- and pre-Halving were so significant that the Halving effect is unlikely to be pure coincidence. Read more in our deep dive into the Bitcoin Halving here.

Along with the latest Halving, we saw a significant spike in transaction fees in the Bitcoin core network which has sparked renewed discussions around the viability of Bitcoin as a means-of-exchange. In fact, we saw a record-high in daily revenue for Bitcoin miners just yesterday of around 107 mn USD of which around 80 mn USD came from transaction fees alone.

The introduction of Runes, a new protocol that enables users to "etch" and mint tokens on the Bitcoin blockchain, may be the cause of the fee increase. Speculators flocked to create tokens and trade meme coins as soon as Runes launched, which accelerated transaction volume and raised transaction fees.

At the time of writing, there were 3,700 Runes inscriptions total on the Bitcoin blockchain, according to data source Ord.io.

We think that these increases in transaction fees will only accelerate the usage of more cost-effective Bitcoin Layer 2 solutions like the Lightning Network and or no material risk to Bitcoin. To the contrary, the increase in transactions fees as a percentage of the overall block reward should continue to incentivize Bitcoin miners to secure the network amid decreasing block subsidies going forward.

Meanwhile, Ethereum managed to outperform Bitcoin amid the stalling bull market rallye along with a general rotation into altcoins.

Cross Asset Performance (Week-to-Date) Cross_Asset_Week_to_Date_Performance
Source: Bloomberg, Coinmarketcap; performances in USD exept Bund Future
Top 10 Cryptoasset Performance (Week-to-Date) Crypto_Top_10_Week_to_Date_Performance
Source: Coinmarketcap

In general, among the top 10 crypto assets, Shiba Inu, Cardano, and XRP were the relative outperformers.

Overall altcoin outperformance vis-à-vis Bitcoin also picked up compared to the week prior, with around 65% of our tracked altcoins managing to outperform Bitcoin on a weekly basis.


Our in-house “Cryptoasset Sentiment Index” has rebounded from year-to-date lows that were induced by the rise in geopolitical tensions. The index is currently still signalling bearish sentiment.

At the moment, only 2 out of 15 indicators are above their short-term trend.

Based on the significant reduction in sentiment, we think that a short-term stabilization is very likely.

Last week, there were significant reversals to the downside in the global crypto hedge fund beta and BTC long futures liquidation dominance.

The Crypto Fear & Greed Index remains in "Greed" territory as of this morning.

Besides, our own measure of Cross Asset Risk Appetite (CARA) has also decreased throughout the week which signals increased bearish sentiment in traditional financial markets.

Performance dispersion among cryptoassets has increased amid the recent correction. Overall performance dispersion still remains slightly elevated.

In general, high performance dispersion among cryptoassets implies that correlations among cryptoassets are low, which means that cryptoassets are trading more on coin-specific factors and that cryptoassets are increasingly decoupling from the performance of Bitcoin.

This is also consistent with the fact that altcoin outperformance vis-à-vis Bitcoin has recently picked up compared to the week prior, with around 65% of our tracked altcoins that have outperformed Bitcoin on a weekly basis. At the same time, there was a slight outperformance of Ethereum vis-à-vis Bitcoin last week.

In general, increasing altcoin outperformance tends to be a sign of increasing risk appetite within cryptoasset markets.

Fund Flows

Last week, we saw a pick-up in overall crypto ETP redemptions and net outflows amid a broad risk-off environment of around -239.7 mn USD (week ending Friday) based on Bloomberg data.

Global Bitcoin ETPs dominated with net outflows of -203.4 mn USD of which -204.6 mn (net) were related to US spot Bitcoin ETFs alone. The ETC Group Physical Bitcoin ETP (BTCE) also saw net outflows equivalent to -34.4 mn USD last week.

The Grayscale Bitcoin Trust (GBTC) continued to experience high net outflows of approximately -458.4 mn USD last week. However, other US spot Bitcoin ETFs even managed to attract +254 mn USD (ex GBTC).

Global Ethereum ETPs also saw significant net outflows last week of around -67.7 mn USD. Meanwhile, the ETC Group Physical Ethereum ETP (ZETH) had neither creations nor redemptions (+/- 0 mn USD). The same is true for the ETC Group Ethereum Staking ETP (ET32) last week.

Besides, Altcoin ETPs ex Ethereum again managed to attract net inflows of around +19.3 mn USD amid the rotation into altcoins last week.

Besides, Thematic & basket crypto ETPs also experienced net inflows of +11.9 mn USD, based on our calculations. The ETC Group MSCI Digital Assets Select 20 ETP (DA20) also experienced net inflows of around +0.8 mn USD last week.

Besides, the beta of global crypto hedge funds to Bitcoin over the last 20 trading decreased significantly to around 0.64 which implies that global crypto hedge funds have significantly reduced their market exposure and are significantly underweight relative to the market.

On-Chain Data

Despite the recent sell-off towards 60k USD in Bitcoin, coins continue to be taken off exchanges on a net basis as BTC exchange balances have recently reached a new multiyear low. Likewise, Ethereum has seen a continued drawdown in exchange balances which should provide a tailwind for the smart contract platform.

That being said, the latest sell-off saw an increase in net BTC transfers to exchanges by larger wallet sizes (>10 mn USD) which is usually a bearish signal.

This is also corroborated by positive net BTC exchange inflows from whales (entities that control at least 1,000 BTC) over the past week.

Overall net buying volumes for Bitcoin have been negative over the past week as evidenced by negative cumulative volume delta (CVD) on exchanges. The cumulative volume delta (CVD), which measures the net difference between buying and selling trade volumes, was negative with around -261 mn USD in net selling volumes over the past week.

Continuing negative US spot Bitcoin ETF fund flows were certainly a major driver of this selling volume.

In our latest report at the end of March, we wrote:

Ongoing consolidation appears to be relatively likely in the short term despite the upcoming Bitcoin Halving in April. The reason is that the positive effects from the Halving only become visible around 100 days after the Halving according to our latest analyses. If the market was trading lower, we should find support in Bitcoin near 55.4k USD as the short-term holder's cost basis is around that price level. Short-term holders tended to capitulate whenever the price dipped below their cost basis which should provide a solid basis for a continuation of the bull market.

We still expect this to be our base case although the significant decrease in Cryptoasset Sentiment Index has made a short-term stabilization very likely.

The spike in inscriptions induced network activity and fees in the Bitcoin network could also be a headwind in the short-term as active addresses have plunged to year-to-date lows recently.

This implies that high transaction fees are somewhat leading to lower usage of the Bitcoin network as users might be waiting for lower fess. Transaction fess are already becoming increasingly prohibitive for some users.

Futures, Options & Perpetuals

Last week, there was a general decline in both Bitcoin futures and perpetual open interest due to increased liquidations and a general de-risking in positioning. Bitcoin futures open interest on CME also continued to decrease. Since the peak in open interest on the 20 th of March, open interest in Bitcoin CME futures has already declined by -29k BTC.

Consistent with this development the Bitcoin futures basis also continued to decline. At the time of writing, the 3-months annualized Bitcoin futures basis rate is at around 10.0% p.a. which marks a significant decline from the highs observed at the end of March (~30.4% p.a.).

The Bitcoin perpetual funding rate also declined significantly and also went negative on Thursday last week.

In contrast, Bitcoin options' open interest even increased slightly last week. The Put-call open interest went sideways last week. There was also no significant spike in relative trading volumes between puts and calls that you would normally expect during a sell-off like last week.

That being said, the 25-delta BTC 1-month option skew increased significantly as BTC options traders paid significantly higher volatility premia for puts than for delta-equivalent calls. Skews have normalized a bit more recently though.

Meanwhile, BTC option implied volatilities remained relatively elevated. Implied volatilities of 1-month ATM Bitcoin options are currently at around 69.7% p.a.

Bottom Line

  • Cryptoassets rebound from losses sparked by geopolitical tensions amid Bitcoin Halving
  • Our in-house “Cryptoasset Sentiment Indicator” has also rebounded from year-to-date lows
  • Bitcoin Halving: In the past, most of the positive performance accrued after the Halving event


Bitcoin Price vs Cryptoasset Sentiment Index Bitcoin_Price_vs_Crypto_Sentiment_Index
Source: Bloomberg, Coinmarketcap, Glassnode, NilssonHedge, alternative.me, ETC Group
Cryptoasset Sentiment Index Crypto_Sentiment_Index_Bar_Chart
Source: Bloomberg, Coinmarketcap, Glassnode, NilssonHedge, alternative.me, ETC Group; *multiplied by (-1)
Cryptoasset Sentiment Index Crypto_Market_Compass_Subcomponents
Source: Bloomberg, Coinmarketcap, Glassnode, NilssonHedge, alternative.me, ETC Group
TradFi Sentiment Indicators Crypto_Market_Compass_TradFi_Indicators
Source: Bloomberg, NilssonHedge, ETC Group
Crypto Sentiment Indicators Crypto_Market_Compass_Sentiment_Indicators
Source: Coinmarketcap, alternative.me, ETC Group
Crypto Options' Sentiment Indicators Crypto_Market_Compass_Option_Indicators
Source: Glassnode, ETC Group
Crypto Futures & Perpetuals' Sentiment Indicators Crypto_Market_Compass_Futures_Indicators
Source: Glassnode, ETC Group; *Cumulative daily absolute change in BTC OI multiplied by sign of BTC price change
Crypto On-Chain Indicators Crypto_Market_Compass_OnChain_Indicators
Source: Glassnode, ETC Group
Bitcoin vs Crypto Fear & Greed Index Bitcoin_Price_vs_Crypto_Fear_Greed
Source: alternative.me, Coinmarketcap, ETC Group
Bitcoin vs Global Crypto ETP Fund Flows BTC_vs_All_Crypto_ETP_Funds_Fund_Flows_Daily_long_PCT
Source: Bloomberg, ETC Group; Only ETPs & Grayscale Trusts
Global Crypto ETP Fund Flows All_Crypto_ETP_Funds_Fund_Flows_Daily_short
Source: Bloomberg, ETC Group; Only ETPs & Grayscale Trusts
US Spot Bitcoin ETF Fund Flows US_Spot_Bitcoin_ETF_Funds_Fund_Flows_Daily_since_launch
Source: Bloomberg, ETC Group; data subject to change
US Spot Bitcoin ETFs: Flows since launch US_Spot_Bitcoin_ETF_Fund_Flows_since_launch
Source: Bloomberg, Fund flows since traiding launch on 11/01/24; data subject to change
US Spot Bitcoin ETFs: 5-days flow US_Spot_Bitcoin_ETF_Fund_Flows_5d
Source: Bloomber; data subject to change
US Bitcoin ETFs: Net Fund Flows since 11th Jan mn USD US_Spot_Bitcoin_ETF_Table
Source: Bloomberg, ETC Group; data as of 19-04-2024
Bitcoin vs Crypto Hedge Fund Beta Bitcoin_Price_vs_Hedge_Fund_Beta
Source: Coinmarketcap, Bloomberg, NilssonHedge, ETC Group
Altseason Index Altseason_Index_short
Source: Coinmarketcap, ETC Group
Bitcoin vs Crypto Dispersion Index Crypto_Dispersion_vs_Bitcoin_short
Source: Coinmarketcap, ETC Group; Dispersion = (1 - Average Altcoin Correlation with Bitcoin)
BTC Net Exchange Volume by Size Bitcoin_Net_Exchange_Volume_by_Size
Source: Glassnode, ETC Group


Cet article ne constitue ni un conseil en investissement ni une offre ou une sollicitation d'achat de produits financiers. Cet article est uniquement à des fins d'information générale, et il n'y a aucune assurance ou garantie explicite ou implicite quant à l'équité, l'exactitude, l'exhaustivité ou la justesse de cet article ou des opinions qui y sont contenues. Il est recommandé de ne pas se fier à l'équité, l'exactitude, l'exhaustivité ou la justesse de cet article ou des opinions qui y sont contenues. Veuillez noter que cet article n'est ni un conseil en investissement ni une offre ou une sollicitation d'acquérir des produits financiers ou des cryptomonnaies.


Les investisseurs potentiels devraient rechercher des conseils indépendants et prendre en compte les informations pertinentes contenues dans le prospectus de base et les conditions finales des ETP, en particulier les facteurs de risque mentionnés dans ceux-ci. Le capital investi est à risque, et des pertes jusqu'à concurrence du montant investi sont possibles. Le produit est soumis à un risque intrinsèque de contrepartie à l'égard de l'émetteur des ETP et peut subir des pertes jusqu'à une perte totale si l'émetteur ne respecte pas ses obligations contractuelles. La structure juridique des ETP est équivalente à celle d'une dette. Les ETP sont traités comme d'autres instruments financiers.

À propos de ETC Group

ETC Group développe des instruments financiers innovants adossés à des actifs numériques, notamment l'ETC Group Physical Bitcoin (BTCE) et l'ETC Group Physical Ethereum (ZETH), qui sont cotés sur des échanges européens, comme le XETRA, Euronext, SIX, AQUIS UK et Wiener Börse.

ETC Group a lancé le premier produit négocié en bourse (exchange traded product- ETP) Bitcoin à compensation centralisée au monde en juin 2020 sur la Deutsche Börse XETRA, la plus grande plateforme de cotation d'ETF d'Europe.

ETC Group travaille en permanence à l'élargissement de sa gamme d'ETPs garantis par des crypto-monnaies, de qualité institutionnelle, offrant aux investisseurs la possibilité de s'exposer au Bitcoin, à l'Ethereum, au Cardano, au Solana et à d'autres actifs numériques populaires sur les principales bourses européennes.


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