Please confirm the following selection to access the content relevant to you:
These cookies are necessary to ensure the smooth functioning of this website (e.g. session cookies, cookie to store the selected cookie preferences, etc.). These required cookies can thereforce not be deactivated.
Functional cookies are used to ensure the smooth functioning of all tools on the wesites. The entire and proper function of the webite is available to the user only with the use of functional cookies. The use of analysis cookies serves the ongoing quality improvement of this website and its content. By using them, wa aim to maximise user satisfaction.
Des produits tels que BTCetc - ETC Group Physical Bitcoin ("BTCE") sont des Exchange Traded Commodities ("ETC"), instruments financiers considérés comme des titres de créances complexes par l'Autorité des Marchés Financiers présentant des risques difficilement compréhensibles par le grand public. A ce titre, leur distribution en France répond à des règles spécifiques. Il relève de la responsabilité des intermédiaires et investisseurs professionnels souhaitant offrir des ETCs à leurs clients de s'assurer que leur distribution auxdits clients est réalisée dans le respect de la réglementation française.
Terms of website use
These terms and conditions (the “ Terms ”) tell you the terms on which you may make use of our website https://etc-group.com/ (“ Website ”).
Please read these Terms carefully before using this Website. By using this Website, you are deemed to have read and accepted our Terms and Conditions as set out below. If you do not agree to these Terms, you must not use this Website.
Your attention is particularly drawn to the disclaimers and limitations of liability set out in the sections below headed: “ Disclaimer ”, “ No Offer ” and “ Limitation of Liability ”.
Information about us
The website is owned and operated by ETC Management Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales under number 12165332 with its registered office at Gridiron, One Pancras Square, London, England, N1C 4AG.
You can contact us by email at email@example.com.
References to “ ETC Group ”, “ we ”, “ us ” and “ our ” in these Terms refers to ETC Management Ltd and our affiliates.
These Terms constitute the agreement between you and us for the use of this Website and the contents and services available through it.
We may change these Terms from time to time. Any changes we may make to these Terms in the future will be posted on this Website and, where appropriate, notified to you by email. By continuing to use and access this Website following such changes, you agree to be bound by any changes we make. Please review this page frequently to see any updates or changes to these Terms.
If you commit a breach of these Terms, we reserve the right at our sole discretion to immediately and without notice suspend or permanently deny your access to all or part of this Website.
We provide this Website on an "as is" and "as available" basis with all faults. We do not guarantee that this Website, or any services or content on it, will always be available or be uninterrupted. We may suspend, withdraw, discontinue or change all or any part of this Website without notice. You agree that your use of this Website is at your own risk. We will not be liable to you if for any reason this Website is unavailable at any time or for any period.
You are responsible for ensuring that all persons who access this Website through your internet connection are aware of these Terms and other applicable terms and conditions, and that they comply with them.
We may update and change this Website from time to time to reflect changes to our products and services, our users' needs and our business priorities.
Distribution of Information
The distribution of the information and material on this Website may be restricted by law in certain countries. None of the information is directed at, or is intended for distribution to, or use by, any person or entity in any jurisdiction (by virtue of nationality, place of residence, domicile or registered office) where publication, distribution or use of such information would be contrary to local law or regulation.
You must inform yourself about and observe any such restrictions in your jurisdiction. By accessing this Website you represent that you have done so. By accepting these Terms, you hereby confirm that you are allowed to access this Website pursuant to applicable laws.
You may use this Website only for lawful purposes. You must not use this Website in any way that breaches any applicable local, national or international law or regulation, or in any way that is unlawful or fraudulent or has any unlawful or fraudulent purpose or effect.
You must not use or attempt to use any automated program (including, without limitation, any spider or other web crawler) to access our system or this Website. You must not use any scraping technology on this Website.
Certain documents made available on this Website may have been prepared and issued by persons other than ETC Group. This includes any prospectus and additional documents thereto. ETC Group is not responsible in any way for the content of any such document.
While we take all reasonable care to ensure the information and analysis which we publish on this Website are as accurate as possible, we cannot promise that they will be complete, accurate and up to date.
Opinions and any other contents on this Website are provided by us for informational purposes only and are subject to change without notice. We are not giving you any advice (investment, financial, legal or otherwise) in respect of any of the information on this Website. You should obtain professional or specialist advice before taking, or refraining from, any action based on any information on this Website. Any reliance that you may place on the information on this Website is at your own risk.
To the maximum extent permitted by law, we disclaim any and all implied conditions, warranties and representations that this Website and the information and services available through it are of satisfactory quality, accurate, fit for a particular purpose, or non-infringing.
Nothing on this Website should be construed as an offer, or recommendation, to purchase or dispose of any product or securities. The prices and valuations published on this Website are indicative and are for information purposes only, as is other information displayed on this Website.
Any person making offer of securities described on this Website shall observe and strictly comply with restrictions on the usage of information pursuant to these Terms, as well as any restriction imposed by a prospectus published with respect of any securities described or applicable laws and regulation, including without limitation restrictions imposed by the EU Prospectus Regulation (REGULATION (EU) 2017/1129 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 14 June 2017).
Some documents displayed on this Website and its content are restricted to “Professional Investors” only and are not intended for retail or private investors. By making use, opening, or downloading such documents, you agree that you are an “Institutional Investor” (as defined here: https://www.handbook.fca.org.uk/handbook/COBS/3/5.html), and have read, understood and accepted the conditions.
The securities described on this Website are not permitted to be offered for sale in all countries and are in each case reserved for investors who are authorised to purchase the securities. Selling restrictions applicable to specific products are set out in the relevant prospectus and should be read carefully by investors. Any restrictions imposed by the relevant prospectus are in addition and without prejudice to any restriction or prohibition established by laws or regulations of any jurisdiction.
United States Persons and legal entities resident in the United States
Securities issued by ETC Group have not been registered under the U.S. Securities Act of 1933, as amended, (the "Securities Act"). The Bonds are being offered outside the United States of America (the "United States" or "U.S.") in accordance with Regulation S under the Securities Act ("Regulation S"), and may not be offered, sold or delivered within the United States except pursuant to an exemption from, or in a transaction not subject to, the registration requirements of the Securities Act.
The information provided on this Website is not directed to any United States person or legal entity or any state thereof, or any of its territories or possessions.
U.S. PERSONS (AS DEFINED IN REGULATION S) AND LEGAL ENTITIES RESIDENT IN THE UNITED STATES MAY NOT ENTER THIS WEBSITE.
Information from this Website may not be distributed or redistributed into the United States or into any jurisdiction where it is not permitted.
Limitation of liability
ETC Group shall not be responsible for any damage (including, without limitation, damage for loss of business or loss of profits) arising in contract, tort or otherwise from the use of, or inability to use, this Website or any material contained in it, or from any action or decision taken as a result of using this Website or any such material.
We do not exclude or limit in any way our liability to you where it would be unlawful to do so. This includes liability for death or personal injury caused by our negligence or for fraud or fraudulent misrepresentation.
We do not guarantee that this Website will be secure or free from bugs or viruses.
You are responsible for configuring your information technology, computer programmes and platform in order to access this Website. You should use your own virus protection software.
You must not misuse this Website by knowingly introducing viruses, trojans, worms, logic bombs or other material which is malicious or technologically harmful. You must not attempt to gain unauthorised access to this Website, the server on which this Website is hosted or any server, computer or database connected to this Website.
You should always bear in mind that:
Cryptoassets are a highly volatile asset class. Your capital is at risk. The value of cryptoassets can go down as well as up and you can lose your entire investment.
Past performance is not an indication of future performance.
Rates of exchange may affect the value of investments.
Applications to invest in securities referred to on this website must only be made on the basis of the relevant prospectus.
Investors should refer to the section entitled “Risk Factors” in the relevant prospectus for further details of these and other risks associated with an investment in the securities offered by the Issuers before investing.
All content and the design of this Website are owned by ETC Group or our licensors and protected by copyright and other applicable laws.
Any copying of the website or of its content requires the prior written consent of ETC Group.
Some of the hyperlinks contained on the Website may lead the user to external websites that are not under the control of ETC Group. ETC Group does not approve or endorse the contents of such websites and does not control the content of any such websites. When the user clicks on such a link, the user will leave the Website. ETC Group is not responsible for the content of any websites reached by means of such a link.
Governing Law and Jurisdiction
These Terms and Conditions and your access to and use of this Website and the content are subject to the laws of England and Wales. However, if you are a consumer resident in another part of the UK or in any EU country, then you will also be entitled to any additional protection afforded to you under your national consumer protection laws.
You can bring legal proceedings in respect of these Terms in the English courts or, if you are a consumer resident in another part of the UK or in any EU country, the courts of your home country.
The products displayed on this website are not available for subscription or purchase by retail investors in your selected jurisdiction. Please contact your broker or financial adviser for further information.
This website and the products displayed on this website are not available to retail investors in the United Kingdom. Please contact your financial adviser for further information.
There are opportunities galore for crypto investors with an eye on the macro, but we ask whether Crypto Winter is really over; ETC Group debuts a new institutional data series looking at fund flows across crypto, blockchain stocks and Metaverse ETFs; and OFAC sanctions on Tornado Cash casts a chilling pall over US cryptoasset innovation.
Head of Research
Macro Outlook 2022: Opportunities everywhere but is Crypto Winter over?
Time and tide wait for no man, and as investors barrel towards Q3 2022 there remain myriad opportunities in crypto for those nimble participants who have kept capital on hand during the downturn.
There has been a strong rally in risk-on assets since the start of August, with the NASDAQ 100 gaining around 6%. Historically, Bitcoin has outperformed this tech index, but undershot with a 3% gain in August.
Amid the underperformance, BTC's much-discussed correlation to risk equities has turned back to near-annual low levels of 0.52. A correlation of 1 would mean BTC and stocks were moving perfectly in tandem. After spending practically all of April, May and June in historically high correlation with the NASDAQ, Russell 2000 and S&P 500, Bitcoin is diverging.
Elsewhere in US equities, hedge funds are piling up $125bn in bets against the S&P 500's summer rally, and suggestions proliferate that the uptick could become a bear market trap for the unwary.
Credit conditions remain fragile, according to S&P Global's This Week in Credit research. And its analysts note that
some central banks are no longer providing forward guidance, so markets should expect increased volatility.
A negative tone to credit pricing can undermine market sentiment, broadly.
When macro analysts consider the most closely-watched part of the US Treasury yield curve, the 2y/10y spread, they look at two factors: depth and duration. The 2y/10y has now been inverted for 46 days.
The longer dated 10-year US government bonds should offer more yield to investors than the shorter-dated 2-year bonds, to pay investors for the opportunity cost of locking up their funds for longer. Negative spreads indicate all is not well and have preceded every US recession since the 1970s.
What was near-record 47 basis points (bps) is, as of 23 August 2022, only 27bps. This is still a heavy negative bias but the state of play is perhaps less bad than it was a few weeks ago.
Markets are now pricing in the possibility of higher central bank interest rates for longer: what does that mean for crypto? Certainly, the fundamentals remain unchanged.
With €500bn of assets under management, the Swiss institution Julius Bär is one of the most prominent private banks in Europe. In a recent opinion piece, Chief Investment Officer Yves Bonzon noting that the case for blockchain disruption
is far from dead…with viable commercial applications emerging.
Incoming legislation on both sides of the Atlantic speaks for itself - regulators do not expect the digital asset ecosystem to fade into obscurity - neither do we,
[We] believe emphasis should be put on a diversified, carefully selected exposure,
concluded Yves Bonzon, sounding the clarion call for institutional cryptoasset allocation.
So, where are we heading for the rest of 2022? Bitcoin remains acutely sensitive to central bank interest rate moves, and there is no doubt that looser monetary policy, expected in early 2023, would aid crypto markets on their way northwards.
The resumption of a more bullish and optimistic picture for Bitcoin and crypto markets would come with BTC recapturing $28k to $30k. At around $21k, Bitcoin remains in a long-term value position in terms of its two-year moving average multiplier, and in terms of Net Unrealised Profit and Loss, which gives us a cost basis for every Bitcoin investor in the market.
That is for Bitcoin only, of course. The pantheon of investable assets in crypto is very broad, with Ethereum's Merge rally to $2k softening as its possible Proof of Work fork approaches, and Web3-critical assets like Cosmos (ATOM) and Polygon (MATIC) continuing their upward charge, the message could not be more clear: diversification and prudent position sizing in cryptoassets should be top of investment managers' minds.
Citibank research published on 22 August now suggests that UK consumer prices inflation will peak at 18% in the first quarter of 2023, much higher than forecasters originally modelled.
That puts the Bank of England even further on the back foot as regards when it may be able to cut rates, and perhaps extends the possibility that rates could increase out into Q2 2023, further than markets expected before a turnaround in policy.
Chief UK economist at Citi Benjamin Nabarro said disinflationary measures had moved
somewhat further down the pecking order
in terms of government priorities, replaced by tax cuts and lower energy bills for consumers.
With US inflation coming in under expectations at 8.5% for July, markets enjoyed a rebound rally after the worst first half of a year for equities in half a century. Hopes that slightly cooler inflation readings would push the Fed to slow its rate hikes have not been borne out, with a poll of economists by Reuters suggesting the risks were skewed towards another 75bps hike in September.
Again: caution should be the watchword for the foreseeable, but investors who can move more quickly than most will likely pick up the best bargains of this investment cycle.
ETC Group Digital Asset Tracker explains institutional crypto, Metaverse
In a new data series, ETC Group is analysing not just how institutions are approaching individual cryptoassets like Bitcoin and Ethereum, but also how the largest asset managers feel about blockchain, digital assets and Metaverse ETFs.
Charting the levels of ETP and ETF inflows and outflows provides the strongest indications of how asset managers and institutions in North America and Europe are treating cryptoassets. And yet the data to support these conclusions remains highly concentrated around a few key players, and in many cases, locked behind paywalls.
For example, in the week to 12 August investors piled net $198m into Bitcoin investment products in North America and Europe. Over the same period, net $280m flowed into Ethereum investment products, some 42.7% more than Bitcoin. This suggests that certainty over a 15 September 2022 date for Ethereum's software upgrade (called the Merge) contributed to wide-scale bullishness among institutional asset managers.
However, in the week to 19 August 2022, both Bitcoin and Ethereum ETPs and ETFs gave up these substantial gains, suggesting a choppier picture moving forwards.
Intriguingly enough, Metaverse ETFs continue to outperform Bitcoin and Ethereum on a year-to-date percentage growth basis. While in the last three months to 23 August Bitcoin ETPs have shed on average 23% of their value, Metaverse ETFs have climbed more than 32%.
US Tornado Cash ban has chilling effect on Web3 innovation
Participants with vested interests in the realm of blockchain are all mulling the same question: are US regulators on a war footing?
The dispute between Coinbase and the SEC over alleged securities fraud brought this question back to the fore. Recent steps taken by The Office of Financial Asset Control (OFAC) against decentralised Web3 protocols have crystallised it.
OFAC sanctioned virtual currency mixer Tornado Cash on 8 August. It estimates that the Ethereum-based platform has been leveraged to launder more than $7 billion since its creation in 2019.
A virtual currency mixer is a tool that facilities anonymous transactions by obscuring their origin and destination – severing the link between sender and receiver.
Blender.io became the first virtual currency mixer to be blacklisted in the US in May. This was used by the North Korean hacking outfit Lazarus Group to wash illicit proceeds procured from the $620 million hack of Ronin Bridge earlier this year.
In a similar vein, OFAC has pointed to Tornado Cash's failure to deter malicious actors away from its platform as the reason to block it.
Tornado Cash had previously made attempts to comply with regulators by censoring wallet addresses that had been red-flagged by the US government. But maintaining an embargo against its nameless users was always going to be a challenge when users can generate new wallet addresses at will.
The original creators gave up their ability to change the rules that make Tornado Cash tick. Its open-source software will exist as long as Ethereum continues to run; available to anybody looking to download or refashion it.
Much of the reforms demanded of Tornado Cash by US regulators are beyond its capacity, given its inherently decentralised and permissionless nature. Even with sanctions on the table, Tornado Cash can still be accessed to send and receive cryptoassets.
One anonymous user publicly illustrated how the weight of US sanctions lose their force in the decentralised universe on 13 August. The user sent Ethereum to over 600 addresses based in the US via Tornado Cash. Because on-chain transactions cannot be rejected, recipient addresses had to involuntarily interact with the sanctioned software as government agencies were reduced to onlookers.
Nevertheless, the outright ban on Tornado Cash has still cast a shadow on the future of blockchain privacy – and the platforms that have made it their raison d'être – as some protocol developers jump to comply with US sanctions.
The decentralised exchange Uniswap has banned a raft of addresses linked to Tornado Cash and the stablecoin issuer Circle has frozen 75,000 USDC belonging to users associated with the virtual currency mixer.
Regulators threaten to cast out any entity that prioritises financial privacy software above financial compliance. In doing so, they are demonising innovation and infringing the privacy of citizens – perhaps unconstitutionally.
By this measure, the blockchain think tank Coin Centre has argued that applying sanctions to smart contract code instead of people is beyond the authority of the US government.
The debate over financial privacy is a symptom of US lawmakers' inability to come together on the larger issue of broad regulation. On this front, the US is well behind the EU, which brought its Markets in Crypto Assets (MiCA) law into play this summer.
The US is in desperate need of a comprehensive cryptoasset framework that settles questions related to privacy, finance, taxation, and digital ownership if it seriously intends to incubate blockchain technology.
The market rally that began in July has come to a halt on the back of fears of more hawkish rhetoric from the Federal Reserve, and fears that inflation and higher rates could persist for longer in major economies.
The most recent FOMC meeting signalled that the US central bank is determined to raise interest rates aggressively until it can substantially dent inflation figures at a 40-year high.
The total cryptoasset market cap remains ahead of the psychologically important $1 trillion dollar line but the news comes as a blow to hitherto bullish investors now pricing in the possibility of another 75 basis points hike in September.
Bitcoin's price briefly hit a two-month high on 15 August when its price reached $25,000 but has since returned to the $21,000 resistance zone in a bearish lean.
Ethereum has retracted by 7% over the last two weeks but has consolidated most of the gains it saw in July and earlier this month. Its value is gravitating between $1,500 and $1,600 as investors prepare for the Merge in September.
Cosmos (ATOM) has been the strongest performer, retracing only 0.2% over the last fortnight. This is in contrast to other Web3 infrastructure onramps like Avalanche (AVAX) and Polkadot (DOT) that have shed almost 20% of their market value in the same period.