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ETC Group Crypto Market Compass
Week 48, 2023

  • Bitcoin reaches its highest price since May 2022 on the back of ongoing ETF optimism; Grayscale’s NAV discount continues to narrow
  • Our in-house “Cryptoasset Sentiment Index” briefly declined but stays at elevated levels
  • Weekly global cryptoasset ETP net inflows reached the highest level year-to-date with over 300 mn USD last week
Crypto Market Compass | Week 48, 2023 | ETC Group

Chart of the Week

Global Crypto ETP Fund Flows All_Crypto_ETP_Funds_Fund_Flows_Daily_short
Source: Bloomberg, ETC Group; Only ETPs & Grayscale Trusts


Last week, cryptoassets managed to outperform traditional assets like equities on the back of ongoing optimism for a Bitcoin spot ETF approval in the US. Binance's 4.3 bn USD settlement with the DOJ combined with a planned complete exit of Binance from the US market have significantly increased the odds of an ultimate ETF approval as Binance's US operations were generally seen as a significant thorn in the side of the SEC.

This ongoing optimism was also accompanied by significant fund inflows.

In fact, weekly global crypto ETP flows reached their highest level year-to-date last week with over 300 mn USD in net inflows (Chart of the Week). Grayscale Bitcoin Trust's NAV discount also narrowed significantly last week signalling an increased probability of an ETF approval.

At the same time, there was a pick-up in altcoin outperformance due to an increase in risk appetite and as some idiosyncratic news fuelled optimism for Ethereum and Layer 2s like Blast in particular.

Cross Asset Performance (Week-to-Date) Cross_Asset_Week_to_Date_Performance
Source: Bloomberg, Coinmarketcap; performances in USD exept Bund Future
Top 10 Cryptoasset Performance (Week-to-Date) Crypto_Top_10_Week_to_Date_Performance
Source: Coinmarketcap

Among the top 10 crypto assets, TRON, Ethereum, and Cardano were the relative outperformers.

However, altcoin outperformance vis-à-vis Bitcoin picked up against the prior week but remains in early stages. Still only 25% of our tracked altcoins managed to outperform Bitcoin on a weekly basis.


Our in-house Cryptoasset Sentiment Index has briefly declined but stays relatively elevated. At the moment , 12 out of 15 indicators are above their short-term trend.

Compared to last week, we saw major reversals in the Altseason index and BTC Exchange Inflows, which declined.

The Crypto Fear & Greed Index also remains in "Greed" territory as of this morning.

Meanwhile, our own measure of Cross Asset Risk Appetite (CARA) also remains positive implying a positive sentiment in traditional financial markets.

Performance dispersion among cryptoassets has declined significantly compared to last week but continues to be relatively high . In general, high-performance dispersion among cryptoassets implies that correlations among cryptoassets have decreased which means that cryptoassets are trading more on coin-specific factors and that diversification among cryptoassets is high.

At the same time, although there has been a pick-up in altcoin outperformance last week compared to the week prior, altcoin outperformance has continued to be low with only 25% of altcoins outperforming Bitcoin on a weekly basis. In general, low altcoin outperformance is a sign of low-risk appetite within cryptoasset markets.


Last week, we saw the highest amount of net fund inflows into global cryptoasset ETPs year-to-date.

In aggregate, we saw net fund inflows in the amount of +302.9 mn USD (week ending Friday).

The large majority of these inflows focused on Bitcoin ETPs (+275.4 mn USD) and Ethereum ETPs (+26.6 mn USD). Altcoin ex ETH ETPs attracted +1.3 mn USD in net fund inflows last week.

In contrast, thematic & basket crypto ETPs experienced minor net fund outflows (-0.5 mn USD) last week.

The NAV discount of the biggest Bitcoin fund in the world - Grayscale Bitcoin Trust (GBTC) – continued to narrow significantly last week to around -8%. In other words, investors are assigning a probability of around 92% that the Trust will ultimately be converted into a Spot Bitcoin ETF.

Besides, the beta of global crypto hedge funds to Bitcoin over the last 20 trading remains relatively low with slightly less than 0.8, implying that global crypto hedge funds remain under-exposed to Bitcoin market risks.


Overall, on-chain activity in Bitcoin has declined somewhat last week but still remains very high.

For instance, the congestion in the mempool has eased somewhat as the mempool transaction count has declined as have mean fees and the number of coins waiting to be transferred. The mempool represents the queue of unconfirmed Bitcoin transactions. A high number of transactions in the mempool usually indicates high demand for Bitcoin transactions and block space in general.

Nonetheless, the mean number of transactions per block is still hovering near all-time highs around 4000 transactions per block and the daily total number of transactions has reached an all-time high. UTXO growth on the Bitcoin blockchain is also very high with more than 500k new UTXOs being currently created on a daily basis.

In that context, inscriptions remain very dominant on the Bitcoin blockchain with still above 60% transaction share, most of which are text-based.

Meanwhile, Bitcoin's hash rate has also been hovering near its all-time highs with currently around ~500 EH/s.

Moreover, bitcoins continued to flow out of exchanges last week. Around -25k BTC have flown out of exchanges last week on an aggregate basis according to data compiled by Glassnode. It is important to note that the bulk of these exchange outflows happened in wallets with sizes in excess of 1 mn USD.

Some Korean exchanges experienced more significant outflows which signalled some institutional buying interest in that region.

Furthermore, the negative news flow around exchange behemoth Binance resulted in around -18k BTC exchange outflows over the past week. So, Binance accounted for the bulk of aggregate BTC exchange outflows last week. Binance's BTC exchange balances have reached their lowest level since March 2023 and Binance's ETH exchange balances even reached their lowest level since January 2021.

Meanwhile, both Coinbase's BTC and ETH exchange balances remained relatively stable over the course of last week.

On a positive note, accumulation activity across various BTC wallet cohorts still remains near the strongest observed year-to-date.

Ethereum was also buoyed by increased Layer 2 on-chain activity last week. Most notably, Blast experienced a very sharp increase in its Total-Value-Locked (TVL). By November 26, 2023, Blast had more than $500 million in TVL. DefiLlama data shows that this was a substantial rise from its previous results, with approximately 512 mn USD poured into its contract. Interestingly, Blast raised its first 100 mn USD in TVL in less than twenty-four hours following launch, a sign of a receptive market and keen investor interest.


Open interest in both BTC futures and perpetuals mainly went sideways last week. CME still remains the biggest futures market in terms of open interest ahead of Binance this week.

The 3-months annualized rolling basis in BTC futures has increased again compared to last week and remains near year-to-date highs of around 8.3% p.a.

BTC perpetual funding rates have mostly remained positive throughout the week across various exchanges.

On the other hand, BTC options open interest have declined significantly in BTC-terms following the expiries last Friday. BTC options open interest have declined by almost -100k BTC compared to levels observed last Thursday. With that decline, we saw a significant decline in put open interest relative to call open interest as well. The BTC put-call ratio has reached the lowest level since February 2023 signalling a very low appetite for downside protection at the moment and, hence, a heightened sentiment.

BTC 1-month 25-delta option skew also remains biased towards calls at the moment with the skew still hovering near year-to-date lows. BTC 1-month option investors pay around 11% p.a. implied volatility premium for delta-equivalent calls relative to puts.

Bottom Line

  • Bitcoin reaches its highest price since May 2022 on the back of ongoing ETF optimism; Grayscale’s NAV discount continues to narrow
  • Our in-house “Cryptoasset Sentiment Index” briefly declined but stays at elevated levels
  • Weekly global cryptoasset ETP net inflows reached the highest level year-to-date with over 300 mn USD last week


Bitcoin Price vs Cryptoasset Sentiment Index Bitcoin_Price_vs_Crypto_Sentiment_Index
Source: Bloomberg, Coinmarketcap, Glassnode, NilssonHedge,, ETC Group
Cryptoasset Sentiment Index Crypto_Sentiment_Index_Bar_Chart
Source: Bloomberg, Coinmarketcap, Glassnode, NilssonHedge,, ETC Group; *multiplied by (-1)
Cryptoasset Sentiment Index Crypto_Market_Compass_Subcomponents
Source: Bloomberg, Coinmarketcap, Glassnode, NilssonHedge,, ETC Group
Crypto Sentiment Indicators Crypto_Market_Compass_Sentiment_Indicators
Source: Coinmarketcap,, ETC Group
TradFi Sentiment Indicators Crypto_Market_Compass_TradFi_Indicators
Source: Bloomberg, NilssonHedge, ETC Group
Crypto Options' Sentiment Indicators Crypto_Market_Compass_Option_Indicators
Source: Glassnode, ETC Group
Crypto Futures & Perpetuals' Sentiment Indicators Crypto_Market_Compass_Futures_Indicators
Source: Glassnode, ETC Group; *Cumulative daily absolute change in BTC OI multiplied by sign of BTC price change
Crypto On-Chain Indicators Crypto_Market_Compass_OnChain_Indicators
Source: Glassnode, ETC Group
Bitcoin vs Crypto Fear & Greed Index Bitcoin_Price_vs_Crypto_Fear_Greed
Source:, Coinmarketcap, ETC Group
Bitcoin vs Global Crypto ETP Fund Flows BTC_vs_All_Crypto_ETP_Funds_Fund_Flows_Daily_long_PCT
Source: Bloomberg, ETC Group; Only ETPs & Grayscale Trusts
Global Crypto ETP Fund Flows All_Crypto_ETP_Funds_Fund_Flows_Daily_short
Source: Bloomberg, ETC Group; Only ETPs & Grayscale Trusts
Grayscale Bitcoin Trust's NAV Premium/Discount Bitcoin_GBTC_NAV_Premium
Source: Bloomberg, ETC Group
Bitcoin vs Crypto Hedge Fund Beta Bitcoin_Price_vs_Hedge_Fund_Beta
Source: Coinmarketcap, Bloomberg, NilssonHedge, ETC Group
Altseason Index Altseason_Index_short
Source: Coinmarketcap, ETC Group
Bitcoin vs Crypto Dispersion Index Crypto_Dispersion_vs_Bitcoin_short
Source: Coinmarketcap, ETC Group; Dispersion = (1 - Average Altcoin Correlation with Bitcoin)
BTC Net Exchange Volume by Size Bitcoin_Net_Exchange_Volume_by_Size
Source: Glassnode, ETC Group


Questo articolo non costituisce consulenza finanziaria, né rappresenta un'offerta o un invito all'acquisto di prodotti finanziari. Questo articolo è solo a scopo informativo generale, e non vi è alcuna assicurazione o garanzia esplicita o implicita sulla correttezza, accuratezza, completezza o correttezza di questo articolo o delle opinioni in esso contenute. Si consiglia di non fare affidamento sulla correttezza, accuratezza, completezza o correttezza di questo articolo o delle opinioni in esso contenute. Si prega di notare che questo articolo non costituisce né consulenza finanziaria né un'offerta o un invito all'acquisizione di prodotti finanziari o criptovalute.


Gli investitori potenziali dovrebbero cercare consulenza indipendente e prendere in considerazione le informazioni rilevanti contenute nel prospetto base e nelle condizioni finali degli ETP, in particolare i fattori di rischio menzionati in essi. Il capitale investito è a rischio, e le perdite fino all'importo investito sono possibili. Il prodotto è soggetto a un rischio controparte intrinseco nei confronti dell'emittente degli ETP e può subire perdite fino a una perdita totale se l'emittente non adempie ai suoi obblighi contrattuali. La struttura legale degli ETP è equivalente a quella di un titolo di debito. Gli ETP sono trattati come altri strumenti finanziari.

Informazioni su ETC Group

L'ETC Group è nata da una chiara missione: fornire agli investitori l'accesso al vasto potenziale di crescita nell'ambito delle criptovalute e degli asset digitali. Il nostro track record comprovato ci rende un partner affidabile: in oltre tre anni di successi, abbiamo consolidato la nostra posizione come emittenti di cripto-titoli con sede in Germania e siamo diventati un punto di riferimento europeo per soluzioni d'investimento in questo dinamico settore.

Con un solido track record di oltre tre anni, crediamo che sfruttando l'esperienza e le conoscenze del settore finanziario tradizionale e applicandole a questa nuova ed entusiasmante classe di asset, possiamo portare sul mercato prodotti d'investimento di prim'ordine.

Nel giugno del 2020, ETC Group ha lanciato il primo ETP su Bitcoin con compensazione centralizzata al mondo, quotato su Deutsche Börse XETRA, la più grande borsa di ETF in Europa. Da allora, la società è stata un pioniere dei prodotti negoziati in borsa basati sulle valute digitali con numerose idee di prodotto innovative. ETC Group è costantemente impegnata ad ampliare la propria gamma di ETP di qualità istituzionale sulle criptovalute, offrendo agli investitori la possibilità di investire in Bitcoin, Ethereum, Cardano, Solana e altri asset digitali popolari sulle principali borse europee.


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